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英语六级高分必备500关键句(MP3+文本) 第173期:阅读理解(70)

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第173句:

Many Europeans now apparently view the U.S. the way many Americants view Mexico-as a cheap place to vacation, shop and party, all while ignoring the fact that the poorerlocals can't afford to join the merrymaking.

现在,很显然欧洲人看待美国就像美国人看待墨西哥一样,认为它是一个廉价的度假、购物和狂欢胜地,一直都忽略了比较贫穷的本土居民无力加入这种狂欢的事实。


六级词汇讲解:

本句的主干是...Europeans...view the U.S..。the way many Americans view Mexico作主句的方式状语,破折号后as引导的短语as a cheap place to vacation,shop and party则作U.S.的宾语补足语。while引导的是主句的时间状语,that引导的是fact的同位语从句。

apparently意为“显然地”。如:

Apparently the girls are not scared by the situation.

很显然,女孩们并没有因为这种情况而被吓着。

ignore意为“忽略,忽视”。如:

Maria said her husband ignored her.

玛丽亚说丈夫忽视了她。

afford意为“负担得起”,该词还含有“提供,给予”之意。如:

The meeting afforded much useful information.

本次会议提供了许多有用的信息。


六级考点归纳:

“连词+现在分词”作状语的情况总结。

while、when、before、although、unless等连词引导的状语从句的主语与主句的主语一致时,可以简化为v.+ -ing形式作状语,但通常要保留原连词,形成“连词+现在分词”结构。如:

Although having nothing to do here, we can't leave.=Although we have nothing to do here, we can't leave.

虽然我们在这里无事可做,但不能离开。

My dad glanced over the newspaper while having breakfast.=My dad glanced over the newspaper while he had breakfast.

我爸爸边吃早餐边浏览报纸。

Some people get nervous when speaking in public.=Some people get nervous when they speak in public.

有的人当众讲话时就变得很紧张。

Wash your hands before eating your breakfast.=Wash your hands before you eat your breakfast.

吃早餐前要洗手。

Retum the book to the library after reading it.=Retum the book to the library after you read it.

书看完后请还回图书馆。

Though working day and night, we still could not finish our job.=Though we worked day and night, we still could not finish our job.

冬管我们日夜赶工,但还是没有完成工作。

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