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淘金式攻克英语六级词汇(MP3+双语字幕)第31期

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Lesson 16

第16课

abolish

vt.彻底废除,废止
Slavery was abolished in America after the civil war in the 19th century.
美国的奴隶制是19世纪时南北战争以后被废止的。
Some superstitious practices should be abolished as soon as possible.
迷信做法应尽早抛弃。

amend

vt.修改,修订,改进n. (pl. )赔罪,赔偿
The UN Charter has been amended since World War II and great improvement has been made.
经过二战以来的修订,联合国宪章已经是日趋完善。

betray

vt.背叛,出卖; 失信于,辜负;泄露(秘密等);(非故意地)暴露,显露
A person who betrays his own country will be spurned by people.
一个背叛自己祖国的人会为世人所唾骂。
She betrayed her friends by breaking her promises.
她不遵守自己的诺言,因而失信于朋友。
It's illegal to betray government secrets.
泄露政府秘密是犯法的。

commence

v.开始
At what time will the opening ceremony commence?
开幕式什么时候开始?

conception

n.思想,观念,概念;构想,设想;怀孕
Does the younger generation have a clear conception of what they want?
年轻一代清楚他们到底想要什么吗?
Deng Xiaoping had a comprehensive conception as to how to build up socialism with Chinese characteristics.
邓小平对于如何建设有中国特色社会主义有完整的构想。

constrain

vt.限制,约束;克制,抑制
Nowadays many species of wild animals are bound and constrained in the zoo, and ridiculously, only in this way can they survive.
如今,很多野生动物都被关在动物园的兽笼里。荒诞的是,它们只有这样才能生存下去。
Many artists don't consider themselves constrained by the same rules of social conduct as other people.
许多艺术家认为他们 不必像一般人那样要受社会行为准则的束缚。

deduce

vt.推论,推断,演绎
On the basis of the evidence we deduced that he was guilty, but the judge thought differently.
根据这些证据,我们推断他是有罪的, 但是法官却不这么认为。

dilemma

n.(进退两难的)窘境,困境
The dilemma a doctor often faces is whether he should tell the truth to the patient or not.
医生经常面临这样的窘境:应不应该将实情告诉病人。

doubtless

ad.无疑地,肯定地
It is doubtless that music is of great importance in every aspect of our lives.
音乐对我们生活的每个环节都很重要, 这是毋庸置疑的。

enthusiastic

a.满腔热情地,热心的,极感兴趣的
We really don't see why the superpower is so enthusiastic over the NMD.
我们真搞不懂为什么这个超级大国那么热衷于搞"国家导弹防御系统"。

erase

vt. 擦掉,清除; 删除(电脑文件),抹去(磁带录音)
Unfortunately, the tape has been erased.
不幸的是,磁带录音已被抹掉了。

extinguish

vt.熄灭,扑灭;使消亡,使破灭
The fire was finally extinguished by the firemen.
大火终于被消防队员们扑灭了。
His fire of life was extinguished bit by bit by the onset of the lovesickness.
他的生命之火在相思病魔的摧残下终于一点一点地暗淡下去。

formidable

a.可怕的,令人生畏的; 难以克服的,难对付的
With her management skills and his marketing expertise, they make a formidable combination.
她娴熟的管理技巧加上他超凡的市场才华 使他们双剑合璧,所向披靡。
He's conscious that he has a formidable rival in this field.
他清醒地意识到,在这个领域他遇到了一个难缠的对手。

hinder

vt.阻碍,妨碍
You are hindering me in my work by talking all the time.
你在这儿说个不停,妨碍了我干活。
"Go and join the army, " said his wife, "I won't hinder you. "
"去参军吧,"他妻子说,"我不会阻拦你的。"
Experts believe that such problems as Japan's rapidly aging society and large increase in government debt will hinder Japan's economic development.
专家认为,日本人口老龄化和政府外债高筑等问题会阻碍日本的经济发展。

imaginative

a.富有想象力的,爱想象的
A scientist, as well as a writer, must be creative and imaginative.
科学家和作家一样必须富于创造力与想象力。

indulge

vi.(in)沉溺,纵容自己,肆意从事 vt.使(自己)沉湎于,满足(自己的欲望等);纵容,迁就
Those who always indulge themselves in delights of leisure will amount to nothing.
一味贪图安逸享受的人到头来会一事无成。
The bitter taste of disappointing love made him indulge in his own daydreams.
苦涩的失恋滋味 使他成天沉浸在自己编织的白日梦之中。

重点单词   查看全部解释    
evidence ['evidəns]

想一想再看

n. 根据,证据
v. 证实,证明

联想记忆
deduce [di'dju:s]

想一想再看

vt. 演绎,推断,溯源

联想记忆
expertise [.ekspə:'ti:z]

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n. 专家的意见,专门技术

联想记忆
conception [kən'sepʃən]

想一想再看

n. 概念,观念,构想,怀孕

 
betray [bi'trei]

想一想再看

vt. 误导,出卖,背叛,泄露
vi. 证明

 
characteristics [,kærəktə'ristiks]

想一想再看

n. 特性,特征;特质;特色(characteristi

 
hinder ['hində]

想一想再看

adj. 后面的
vt. 阻碍,打扰

联想记忆
ceremony ['seriməni]

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n. 典礼,仪式,礼节,礼仪

 
charter ['tʃɑ:tə]

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n. 宪章,特许,(船、机、车等的)租赁
vt

 
improvement [im'pru:vmənt]

想一想再看

n. 改进,改善

 
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