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新编六级听力每日练习 第221期

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Passage One
From California to Connecticut, babies sit on the laps of their parents or caretakers and are spoken to in Italian, French, Spanish and, increasingly, Chinese. They sit in circles, distracted by cuddly toys, at schools such as [26]the Language Workshop in New York or informal groups organized by parents.
There have been several studies that have found [26]advantages in starting children off in a new language at a young age. Researchers don't know whether it is biological or social, but most children who learn a language before puberty seem to develop the ability to speak it as a native would.
Francois who runs the Language Workshop, has created a line of linguistic software for young children. "Understanding comes long before speaking, and speaking before reading and writing. That's the way we teach the languages," as Francois says. "And when we translate for children we actually add confusion; it is not necessary in our class. [27]For clarity we have to repeat the word until the idea sinks in."
Some parents fear that with all these different words and languages, their children will have a harder time picking up English or will get confused, but scientists have found no such disadvantage to being multilingual. There are emerging theories that [28]the brain is designed to pick up multiple languages early in life, and that our current monolingual focus is actually a setback of the evolution. Some research shows, when people develop a window in which children can most readily absorb new languages, for the first 6 months of life, for example, babies can hear every sound from every language in the world.

答案解析:
26. What is purpose of the Language Workshop?
[B]解析:短文一开始就描述小孩子在New York的“语言工作坊”学习各种语言的情况。然后指出有研究表明,孩子在小的时候(青年时期)学新的语言具有优势。故答案是B。
27. How do the teachers in the Language Workshop teach?
[C]解析:短文说,为了让孩子理解词的意思,他们采取的方法是不断重复,直至孩子明白。故答案是C。
28. What do the scientists think about the multilingual phenomenon?
[D]解析:短文说,科学家认为人的大脑在生命的初期是为了学习多种语言而设计的。故答案是D。

重点单词   查看全部解释    
confusion [kən'fju:ʒən]

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n. 混乱,混淆,不确定状态

联想记忆
absorb [əb'sɔ:b]

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vt. 吸纳,吸引 ... 的注意,吞并

联想记忆
informal [in'fɔ:məl]

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adj. 非正式的,不拘形式的

 
current ['kʌrənt]

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n. (水、气、电)流,趋势
adj. 流通的

联想记忆
linguistic [liŋ'gwistik]

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adj. 语言的,语言学的

 
challenge ['tʃælindʒ]

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n. 挑战
v. 向 ... 挑战

 
disadvantage [.disəd'væntidʒ]

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n. 不利,不利条件,损害,损失

 
evolution [.i:və'lu:ʃən]

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n. 进化,发展,演变

联想记忆
organized ['ɔ:gənaiz]

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v. 组织

 
social ['səuʃəl]

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adj. 社会的,社交的
n. 社交聚会

 
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关键字: 六级听力 长对话

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